Thursday, November 27, 2014

The 2014 ‘Black Paper’

11/27/2014=18

                                                           The 2014  ‘Black Paper’


Aliens, greys, Black revolution, furgeson  verdict ;  the 1985 Move bombing  A  Tavistock, Quaker 'social experiment' etc., 







 All actions have been studied.in my work is solution. But currently, we must allow this drama to play itself out without interference. Our work is survival, in order to survive we must become familiar with our environ. notice men like Malcolm X did not succeed in their revolutionary schemes, if anyone could have pulled it off our intelligence tell us that Malcolm X was the man and indeed could have been a success, then why did he fail: our intelligence show us that it was not the will of the true controllers of this drama which only appeared to be what is perceived as the united states government.it came to us in a song “we free our people with music” Bob Marley said this and we have found it to be true.no one has rightly educated us on this drama until now, the advent of internet was that we find the correct pieces placing them together right in order, as to give right information that you get correct picture, so the past has been decoded, all is left now is to perform the sacred rite. This is what we pray for now, this is our desire, this is true prayer, and realization is prayer answered. Study this blog; you will see the light, love one another, help one another, listen to one another, let’s move on into future those of us who are ready, in the aftermath of current events, I shed tears of loneliness, you who are with your families give thanks and keep them near to you, let us together walk into the new world having the faith of all who have been robed in light separated by the long night, their lives were not in-vain…

This paper is to clear up most things going cling in the brain of the many out there making noise today…
Amidst all the confusion, heartache let down embarrassment, of the Ferguson fiasco I find today apropos being thanksgiving. A great day to reflect of what some see as black revolution. There’s never going to be that magical synchronicity moment in time where every black person wake up from their beauty sleep at once and move to that mystical spot, just like it’s been a few thousand years and Jesus is yet to return, the 6 is gone beyond the nine the day of the million man march is over and outdated, as always in my work I have presented a solution so far overlooked with an overview of the problem, I’m not reacting to events which are beyond my control, I have been our think tank. Data and intelligence has been gathered.



We now know the past, we know the system has let us down, some of us have moved beyond the illusion connected to the marching, and many more are on their way, we know if one move the other one will.
I challenge you if many of you stop campaigning for the office of messiah and direct your energies in right direction, that’s the wisdom we need because you don’t have the answer, you have not paid the price to know…

The problem with truth for the seeker of today is the poison venom of the fundamentalist mindset, who render all things arcane evil.it is like listening to the Sunday morning televangelist, who hands you truth on a golden platter of falsehood, he preach a 85 percent truth and present some facts, but his punch line is “Jesus is lord” which makes the whole sermon a lie. Some people say 911 was an inside job, but the number 11also showed up in another bombing 16 years before 9/11/2001. And that was the move bombing at Philadelphia pa. Where out of the 13 people in the house at 6221 Osage avenue only two survived and 11 died, so we see the number 2 or 11 twice here. Note that 6221 if we add 6+2+2+1=11 we get number 11 plain as day.


The origin of the idea of the Grey is commonly associated with the Betty and Barney Hill abduction claim which took place 1961, although skeptics see precursors in science fiction and earlier paranormal claims. The Grey aliens are also famous from the Roswell UFO incident from 1947. Started off as little green men. From mars.
History
In the 1893 article "Man of the Year Million", H. G. Wells envisaged humanity transformed into a race of grey-skinned beings, stunted and with big heads. (Compare the Morlocks of Wells's 1895 novel, The Time Machine, who appear greyish-white and large-eyed, but hairy.) In his 1901 book The First Men in the Moon, Wells described Selenites (natives of the Moon) as having grey skin, big heads, large black eyes and wasp-stings. He also briefly describes aliens resembling Greys brought down to Earth as food by the Martian antagonists of his 1898 novel The War of the Worlds.









In 1933, the Swedish novelist Gustav Sandgren, using the pen name Gabriel Linde, published a science-fiction novel called Den okända faran (The Unknown Danger), in which he describes a race of extraterrestrials: "[...] the creatures did not resemble any race of humans. They were short, shorter than the average Japanese, and their heads were big and bald, with strong, square foreheads, and very small noses and mouths, and weak chins. What was most extraordinary about them were the eyes – large, dark, gleaming, with a sharp gaze. They wore clothes made of soft grey fabric, and their limbs seemed to be similar to those of humans." The novel, aimed at young readers, included illustrations of the imagined aliens.
Star map of Zeta Reticuli, according to Betty Hill and Marjorie Fish
In 1965 newspaper reports of the Betty and Barney Hill abduction brought Greys to international attention. The alleged abductees, Betty and Barney Hill, claimed that in 1961 alien beings had abducted them and taken them to a saucer-shaped spaceship. (The term "Greys" did not come into usage until many years later, but the alleged beings described by Betty and Barney Hill generally fit many of the common traits of the so-called Greys.) From a star chart reported by Betty Hill, Marjorie Fish, an elementary-school teacher and amateur astronomer, located the home planet of these beings in the Zeta Reticuli star-system (allegedly the fourth planet of one of the stars of the Zeta Reticuli binary system). The Greys therefore sometimes became known as Zeta Reticulans.

The Greys also appear as the (benevolent) aliens in the 1977 movie Close Encounters of the Third Kind
During the early 1980s popular culture linked Greys to the alleged crash-landing of a flying saucer in Roswell, New Mexico in 1947. A number of publications contained statements from individuals who claimed to have seen the U.S. military handling a number of unusually proportioned, bald, child-sized beings. These individuals claimed that the beings had over-sized heads and slanted eyes—but scant other facial features—during and after the incident.

In 1987, popular novelist Whitley Strieber published the book Communion, in which he describes a number of close encounters he purports to have experienced with Greys and other extraterrestrial beings. The book became a New York Times bestseller, and New Line Cinema released a film adaption starring Christopher Walken in 1989.

In 1988 Christophe Dechavanne interviewed the French science-fiction writer and ufologist Jimmy Guieu during a weekly French TV Live Show which, at the time, was entitled “Ciel, mon mardi !”. It was broadcast by TF1, one of the three national TV channels in France. Besides mentioning Majestic 12, Jimmy Guieu described the existence of what he called “the little greys” which, later on, became better known in French under the following name: les petits gris. Petit-gris is (perhaps ironically) the name given to one of the more common species of snail served as the appetiser Escargot in many French restaurants. 1992–present day


A CGI generated rendering of two Greys.
During the 1990s, popular culture began to increasingly link Greys to a number of military-industrial complex/New World Order conspiracy theories. A well-known example of this was the FOX television series The X-Files, which first aired in 1993. It combined the quest to find proof of the existence of Grey-like extraterrestrials with a number of UFO conspiracy theory subplots, in order to form its primary story arc. Other notable examples include Dark Skies, first broadcast in 1996, which expanded upon the MJ-12 conspiracy, and Stargate SG-1, which in the 1998 episode "Thor's Chariot" introduced the Asgard, a race of benevolent Greys who visited ancient Earth masquerading as characters from Norse Mythology. Greys, referred to as 'visitors', appear in two episodes of South Park, and Roger Smith, a regular character on the animated comedy series American Dad! Since its debut in 2005, is a Grey-like alien. On Babylon 5, the Greys were referred to as the Vree, and depicted as being allies and trade partners of 23rd Century Earth.


In 1995 filmmaker Ray Santilli claimed to have obtained 22 reels of 16 mm film that depicted the autopsy of a "real" Grey supposedly recovered from the site of the 1947 incident in Roswell, New Mexico. However, in 2006 Santilli announced that the film was not original, but was instead a "reconstruction" created after the original film was found to have degraded. He maintained that a real Grey had been found and autopsied on camera in 1947, and that the footage released to the public contained a percentage of that original footage, but he was unable to say what that percentage was. This incident became the subject of the British comedy film Alien Autopsy, starring television presenters Ant & Dec.

The 2011 film Paul tells the story of a Grey who attributes the Greys' frequent presence in science-fiction pop-culture to the US government deliberately inserting the stereotypical Grey alien image into mainstream media so that if humanity came into contact with Paul's species, there would be no immediate shock as to their appearance.

The 2012 video game XCOM: Enemy Unknown uses grey aliens (called Sectoids) as a main enemy type.
                                           Rastafari and Racism                                                                             


We as Rastafari are not saying we are superior to another; we are not racist by definition. Are there men who are superior to others? Our answer is yes. In many ways: intellect, health, fiscal means and social status just to name a few. But each one of us does what we do and know what we know. and together we all make up the body Christ, and the supreme beings among us are naturally our leaders and such, respect is do where respect is do regardless of anything else. And we all know right from wrong (opposites attract) so same sex marriage is out…


Before  I even get into this little talk, I will first say I have met men of European descent  who are Rastafari at heart and has done more for the movement than the whole of the movement in the past 84 years, I know a few who have went beyond the movement. I personally know one Jewish Brother who is more Rastafari than any Blackman I have ever met who says he’s a Rastafari, I will also add that I believe that through Rastafari it is easy for any man to find his true self and return to his own culture, I feel it is a must for men to embrace their own culture by race or nationality, concerning Rastafari and Race: Rastafari is a work, that came to us that we fulfill. Being a bright light naturally the moth were attracted to it, for its man’s nature to seek truth, so those from each race who came to Rastafari with clean hands and pure heart, are known as the peace makers. Blessed are the peace makers, it is for all human to be peacemakers. Yet the facts remain hidden within the social drama of the USA, which is synchronized with Islamic and Christian scripture, this is the drama of the black slave and his European masters upon orb-ship earth, (yes there were Irish and Jewish slaves, and first owner was black) same drama as biblical children of Israel and biblical Egypt, same old story repeating, now Sodom and Gomorrah, Noah and flood, Moses, etc. we are fulfilling currently, take it or leave it. There is nothing else going on save this. Over all Bob Marley tried to explain in so many words that Rastafari was a new Race of People. But this was far above many heads so to speak. There are many tribes among the Black people and their culture are many. There are many shades of black, but our experience here in wilderness of North America makes us currently one people one tribe with one aim and destiny to be free on all levels. The Rastafari are a new people, created in the year 1930 by the subtitle majesty of His imperial majesty Emperor Halie Selassie The 1st.we are his true subjects. 


We are a new creation reincarnated souls from ancient times, we are the survivors among our people, from chittlins and hog jaws to vegetarianism we broke the god-spell, in the hidden rites and rituals of the Nation of Islam these fact are made clear to ones knowing the codes having the master key. We are messiah: ones who woke up from among the sleeping many, we are ones Government tried to kill all of us off, we are the survivors, yes the black survivors, for the message is in the music if rightly understood….


Upon the 311th year of chattel Black slavery in America came two redemption movements in the wilderness of North America. These two movements were expressly designed for the upliftment and redemption of the Black slaves of The Americas. Please note that the founders or main players of these two movements were of mixed race. Also note the reason in this wisdom, a pure black at the time 1930 in America would be rejected and killed right away, those two movements were Nation of Islam under farad –and Elijah Muhammad and The Rastafari movement under Halie Selassie and Bob Marley. Many argue that Bob Marley Father was a British or white man, and they argue that this is reason for ‘whites’ to be Rasta’s, the black Rastafari argument is simple, and that Rastafari movement at its essence is a black liberation movement, please study the foundation teaching of the howellites and the nyabingi orders. The teachings of the Rt. Hon. Leonard Percival Howell are the foundation teachings of Rastafari movement. Who can deny that The Teachings of Bob Marley were redemption teachings? Who does not recall the song “Black man redemption”?


 The Rastafari movement is the current; i.e. the latest spiritual  world religion ,it is the final message of time, it is a synopsis of all other movements before it, it’s a very esoteric movement, and much of its information is well hidden from none black believers, this is due to its redemption technologies, in other words all the cards ae not on the table, Rastafari movement was a progressive movement, which did not come in its final form, due to the fact of its seemly none structure or organization, therefore many thought they could slip in and change its course. This was due mainly to its universal appeal, to freedom loving people of all races. We know that the blood of the founders is mixed for occult reasons.

Many do not realize the importance of the movement, Bob Marley was taken out, in 1981 that   the music discord of manufactured rap and hip hop would fill the minds and souls of the future prospects of the Rastafari movement, if Marley would have lived the world would be hypnotized by Rastafari movement, world or America would not be as we know it today. Still some of you do not get it, like for instance, it is nature’s law that “likes repeal, and opposites attract “so where same sex marriage is justified, 2+2=4 and cannot be refuted, so there is no argument as to the original purpose of Rastafari movement. And as the prophet has said already “time will tell”

And concerning the speech  of Halie Selassie ON WAR, HE WAS Addressing THE OPPRESSIVE POWERS SUCh  AS USA WHO HELD BLACK PEOPLE IN INHUMAN BONDAGE, HE WAS STATING THAT BLACK PEOPLE ARe NOT BORN RACIST, HE WAS NOT advocating race mixing, HE WAS Addressing THE So-called RULERS THE MAKERS OF WAR pleading the cause of the oppressed blacks in America.
So can a white man be a Rasta, first we must know at its essence the meaning of a Rastafari is an enlighten being someone who became the Christ or woke up like Buddha,





 1985 Move Bombing revisited in light of the ferguson verdict

I’m writing this part to show you or bring some awareness a higher power in the events of human affairs upon orb-ship earth, knowing this we might not react to events as we do.,we know media play a great part in this so-called revolution, now it’s time we rely on independent media, social media i.e., we are all one Underground News Network if correctly overstood.
What does  Wilson Goode the first mayor of Philadelphia and Barak Obama  the first black president have
in common (1985-2017=32)
65 6+5=11 65 row houses were lost in the bombing ,11 people died in the main house 6221 6+2+2+1=11 osage ave, two survived sop 13 in all were in the house.

John Africa (July 26, 1931 – May 13, 1985), born Vincent Leaphart, was a founder of MOVE, a Philadelphia-based black liberation group prominent in the United States in the early 1970s. He died while involved in an armed standoff with the Philadelphia Police Department. Let us notice John Africas birth day the vibration under which he was born: 7/26/1931(7+2+6+1+9+3+1=29(2+9=11) 11 people died in that house 6221 Osage Ave.

John Africa Died May 13, 1985 (aged 53)  notice the year 1985(1+9+8+5=23) 23 is the resonant number of Sirius the Egyptian dog star. Note that (5+1+3+1+9+8+5=32) that’s 23 reversed, which points to 32 years after the bombing to the year 2017… notice his age 53 which correspond with sura 53 Holy Quran, The star,with verse 49 saying: “And he Allah is lord of Sirius”


So here we see clearly the metaphysical factor of this event,by the way just like John The Baptist of Bible John Africa was found in the house minus his head, yes: his head was missing….
Africa later met Donald Glassey, a social worker from the University of Pennsylvania, with whom he began to collaborate. Glassey's notes would eventually become a document called The Guideline.
(enter another factor of move)

Glassey, after being found in possession of weapons, was later arrested; he implicated Africa and other MOVE members in various crimes. On July 23, 1981 in the Philadelphia federal court, Africa and his co-defendant Alfonso Africa (representing themselves) were tried and acquitted on weapons and conspiracy charges by a jury that deliberated for almost six days. Law enforcement officials obtained indictments on the implicated members of MOVE and, on May 13, 1985, attempted to arrest them, which led to an armed standoff with MOVE and a subsequent massacre of the black activists by the Philadelphia Police Department. During the raid, Africa was killed along with six other adults and four children when the Philadelphia Police Department head of bomb disposal, on board a Pennsylvania State Police helicopter, dropped a satchel containing a gel-based explosive on a fortified bunker occupied by members of MOVE. The resulting explosion started a fire that resulted in the destruction of 65 homes in the neighborhood. The order was given by city officials to "let the fire burn." The explosion, fire, and shootout killed all but two members of MOVE who were present, leaving Ramona and Birdie Africa severely burned. Birdie was released while Ramona went on to serve her maximum sentence of 7 years in prison. MOVE was founded in 1972 as the Christian Movement for Life. Its founder John Africa, a charismatic leader had, though functionally illiterate, dictated a document called The Guideline to Donald Glassey, a social worker from the University of Pennsylvania. Africa and his followers (most, but not all to them African-American), wore their hair in dreadlocks. They advocated a radical form of green politics and a return to hunter-gatherer society while stating their opposition to science, medicine and technology.[citation needed] As John Africa himself had done, his devotees also changed their surnames to show reverence to Africa, which they regarded as their mother continent.

(note that the move family lives in a home owned by Donald Glassey the social worker who  trained John Africa one lephart  so we can clearly now that this is the makeings  of a social experiment)

The MOVE members lived in a commune in a house owned by Glassey in the Powelton Village section of West Philadelphia. MOVE members staged bullhorn-amplified, profanity-laced demonstrations against institutions which they opposed morally, such as zoos (MOVE had strong views on animal rights), and speakers whose views they opposed. MOVE made compost piles of garbage and human waste in their yards which attracted rats and cockroaches; they considered it morally wrong to kill the vermin with pest control. MOVE attracted much hostility from their neighbors[citation needed], the majority of whom were African-Americans. The actions by MOVE brought close scrutiny from the Philadelphia police


The following is the first information we presented from the move Bombing in year 1985
From this mretaphysical  information we knew the Bombing to be more than what it appeared to be.
I was able to interview Ramona Africa many times during her seven years in Munsey prison, but she never shared my views on the move event as I relate it to you here…



The Parable of move Islam  -  (Peace)

s u r a   1 4   a l s o   e l u d e s   t o   s u r a   1 1 4   which is  last   chapter (sura)

o f   H o l y   Q u r a n   called   the men   for in these men are another sign of move etc.,
i t   w a s   M a y   1 3   t h e  h o u s e   a t   6 2 2 1    Osage Avenue was bombed

first  allow   u s   t o   s h o w   y o u   this ;   T h e M a y a   N u m b e r  S y s t e m   a n d
C a l e n d a r   is    b a s e d   o n   this   n u m b e r   1 3  .N o t e   t h a t   this   w o r d   M A Y A
Has    t h e   root    w o r d   M A Y   t h e s e   M E N  i.e. ,   M A Y A N  ( O l m e c   =   Anunakki ) see life as a dynamic    field    of   radiance    like    a  s t a r  b u r s t   firework   o n   F o u r t h   o f   J u l y . .
. {Jose  A r g u e l l e s .Maya  factor}


T h e   i d e a   i s   t h a t   e a c h   o f   t h e   1 3
n u m b e r s   a r e   radial, e x p r e s s i n g
q u a l i t i e s   s i m u l t a n e o u s l y   i n   a l l
d i r e c t i o n s ,   e a c h   c o n t a i n e d   i n   a n d
penetrating all other numbers  . . . the galactic core from which all radiates from and returns to
is named Hunabku  by the maya this  circuit itself  “we  reveal or  describe is called by the Maya zuvuya.The current by which everything  issues   from and returns; simultaneously forwards and ackwards to the source
(Jose  A r g u e l l e s ).

E x a m p l e :
1   2   3   4   5  6  7  8  9  10   11 12  13
13 12  11  10  9  8  7  6  5  4  3  2   1
14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14

( 1 3 x 1 4 = 1 8 2 / 1 + 8 + 2 = (1 1)   people killed  @  6 2 2 1   o s a g e   a v e ) 6+2+2+1=(11)
The paired sums reveal the number 14 which chapter 14 holy Quran is Abraham
The soul or breath of prophecy hindu scriptures we find Brahm
The word maya in hindu scripture means  illusion: therefore Olmec Maya were masters of this grand
Illusion in fact Anunakki of Sumerian text;
Milky-way the galactic core.


Note:   2 0 1 2   being    2 7   y e a r s   f r o m   1 9 8 5
Both years are 5 vibrations. Year 27  is sura 27  Holy Quran The Naml
A small ant  like  tribe. Or  word  meaning  ant, or wise . as babies born ant would be placed in hand,they would be wise as men, so naml means a wise man.            
Like Solomon    who marched    to the vally   of Naml   or ant, lead  by the  birds.
V e r s e   1 6   o f   c h a p t e r   2 7   s a y s  A n d   S o l o m o n   w a s
David’s heir,  and he said: o men, we have been taught the speech of birds,
 ( * 1 8 4 4 * )   a n d   w e   h a v e  been   g r a n t e d   o f   all   things .
S u r e l y   this    is
m a n if e s t   g r a c e ,   so    this    indicate   w h a t   the    w o r d  { o s a g e}

Symbolizes    i.e.,  the Hopi.(Jinn) a mountain tribe who were taken under and brought up to safety  by the Ant Like People.



 We talk more about this in Holy Book Of Wonder to be published soon,now we will introduce you to the history and  conspiracy of move from earthly view . from this  view you might glimpse what  is going on in ferguson currently... The founder of MOVE was born Vincent Leapheart in the Mantua neighborhood of Philadelphia in 1931. A Korean War veteran, Leapheart was working as a handyman when he met white University of Pennsylvania graduate student Donald Glassey in the early 1970s. By that time Leapheart had begun referring to himself as John Africa, a homage to his heritage and "the source of life." Glassey quickly became enamored with Africa's teachings, which included a rejection of modern developments such as capitalism, industry, electricity, and birth control, along with an embrace of an urban back-to-the-land philosophy based on the "principle of natural law." With Glassey's help, Africa, who was largely illiterate, completed The Guidelines, a 300-page manifesto articulating his views. Africa successfully recruited a few dozen followers consisting of "various members of his family, homeless people, college students, business people, and political activists" (Mjagkij, 384), and in 1974 took up residence in a house bought by Glassey in the Powelton Village neighborhood. Like their leader, all members—mostly black, but some white—took on the surname Africa. While initially accepted by their neighbors, MOVE increasingly drew complaints for its eccentric practices, such as composting food scraps and feces in its backyard and shouting messages through bullhorns at all hours. It was the organization's showdown with Philadelphia police, however, that eventually forced its removal and relocation. Since arriving in Powelton Village, the group had frequently stationed members on their porch, bullhorns in hand, loudly propagating the MOVE philosophy. Though exasperating to their neighbors, the spectacle wasn't enough to draw a response from city authorities. In late May 1978, however, members began appearing in military garb and brandishing rifles, a dramatic escalation to a conflict thus far defined by nuisance issues. The group's increasingly militant posture drew the attention of Mayor Frank Rizzo, a tough-talking former Philadelphia police commissioner. Despite his reputation as a "law and order" politician in the mold of Richard Nixon, Rizzo moved slowly, first attempting to bargain the release of incarcerated MOVE members in exchange for the group's relocation outside the city. MOVE refused to leave Philadelphia, putting pressure back on Rizzo to resolve the standoff. Ten months into the stalemate, Rizzo ordered a blockade of the four blocks surrounding the compound. All utilities, food, and water were cut off. Nevertheless, supporters were able to smuggle supplies to the house, prolonging the confrontation for another three months. On 18 August 1978, police moved in. While successful in evicting the group, the raid left police officer James J. Ramp dead, five officers and firefighters wounded, and MOVE member Delbert Africa severely beaten. MOVE headquarters was immediately razed, and ten group members were arrested. MOVE members able to avoid capture went into hiding. Despite evidence suggesting the inconclusiveness of Ramp's shooting—his death may have been caused by "friendly fire"—in 1981 nine of the ten arrested members were sentenced to thirty to one hundred years in prison. Later that year John Africa was apprehended in Rochester, NY, and brought back to Philadelphia to stand trial; charged with weapons and conspiracy offenses, and representing himself, he was acquitted. Though fractured, MOVE quietly reorganized and moved into a house at 6221 Osage Avenue in Cobbs Creek, a neighborhood with the highest number of black homeowners in Philadelphia. As with their arrival in Powelton Village years earlier, MOVE was welcomed at first by their neighbors. Within a few years, however, history seemed to be repeating itself: the group constructed another large stage on its front yard from which it would blare its message at all hours of the night. And, as in Powelton Village, byproducts of the group's naturalistic lifestyle—vermin, litter, odors—increasingly put it at odds with its neighbors, with whom clashes became more and more heated. Recalling a 1984 Mother's Day discussion between the Osage Avenue block association and the group, neighborhood resident Oris Thomas told Time "[MOVE] said, 'If you do anything to hurt us, we're going to kill you."


Though the association tried to get the office of Mayor W. Wilson Goode to intervene, he accomplished little, as did the police, both of whom were undoubtedly wary of another showdown. Out of options, the block association scheduled a press conference in hopes of forcing the city's hand. As attention from the city and the media increased, MOVE began demanding the release of their nine imprisoned members. Backchannel negotiations between the mayor's office and MOVE, undertaken as Goode plotted a public response, were unsuccessful: "All hope of agreement ended Saturday when [MOVE] spokesman Jerry Ford Africa sent the mayor an ominous message: 'We are ready for you. Come and get us,'" wrote Time. On 12 March 1985 the city issued warrants for the arrest of four members—Conrad, Theresa, Ramona, and Frank Africa—charging them with "parole violation, contempt of court, illegal possession of firearms, and making terroristic threats." None of the four turned themselves in. A dangerous escalation seemed imminent, and all residences within five blocks of the compound—a total of three hundred people—were evacuated the next day. It quickly became apparent that MOVE headquarters had been equipped for confrontation: a bunker had been dug in the basement, and reinforcements had been added to the roof. At 5:45 the next morning, police commissioner Gregore Sambor—flanked by a force of 150 police officers, including SWAT and sharpshooter teams—issued a warning for the four wanted members to vacate the premises within fifteen minutes. When the deadline passed, Sambor authorized an attack on the house with tear gas and water cannons. Shots were then fired from the MOVE compound, provoking a 90-minute, 10,000-round return volley from the police. The police continued with a variety of tactics—including boring into the compound and pouring water on the roof to break it open—into the afternoon, to no avail. Despite its vastly superior firepower, the city was unable to dislodge MOVE. The exact events that followed remain contentious to this day, and are detailed in 30 cubic feet of records contained in the 1986 Philadelphia Special Investigation Commission report. Nevertheless, the following is without dispute: at 5:27 pm, the Philadelphia Police Department, under the direction of Police Commissioner Sambor and the sanction of Mayor Goode, dropped "two 1 lb. tubes filled with a water-based gel explosive" from a helicopter onto the roof of the MOVE compound (Time). 




According to Goode's testimony before the Commission, the devices were intended to smash one of the bunkers built on top of the roof, creating an entry for police to evict the MOVE members. The explosion ignited a blaze that quickly spread to nearby houses. Perhaps even more controversial than the city's decision to drop the explosive, the fire department did not fight the blaze for at least the first thirty minutes. Fire chief William Richmond, acting under the command of Sambor, explained that spraying the roof would have inhibited police officers from "breaching" the compound and would have produced a heavy smoke cover for escaping MOVE members.



 At last receiving orders to approach the house, firefighters were confronted with what sounded like gunfire and immediately retreated as the fire spread further down the block. Accounts vary on whether or not police entered the house and opened fire, but two people finally emerged from the compound: MOVE information minister Ramona Africa and 13-year-old Birdie Africa. The blaze was declared under control just before midnight. When it was over, all remaining eleven members of the household had died, including five children and MOVE founder John Africa, and 250 people had been displaced from 62 homes. In testimony to the Philadelphia Special Investigation Commission (PSIC) that October, Philadelphia police commissioner Gregore Sambor insisted he was given assurances that the explosive dropped on MOVE was safe. "What has imprinted that device on the mind of the city is, in fact, the method of delivery," he said, referring to its helicopter discharge. "If it had been carried or thrown into position or if it had been dropped from a crane, the perception of that action would be quite different." Regardless of the actions of Sambor and Richmond, Mayor Goode took full responsibility for the event, saying in a press conference the night of the bombing "I was aware of what was going on…therefore, the people of the city will have to judge [me]" (Philadelphia Magazine). The eleven-person commission, led by former Equal Employment Opportunity Commission head William Brown III, was formed within two weeks of the bombing. On the way to its report in March 1986, the PSIC incorporated the assistance of forty-five law school students, seven investigators, and numerous authorities in forensic pathology and explosives; administered one thousand interviews; and broadcasted five weeks of televised hearings, at a cost of almost $1 million. Though comprising an enormous sum of documentary evidence, the entire PSIC report might be reduced to its statement that "dropping a bomb on an occupied row house was unconscionable." The children's deaths "appeared to be unjustified homicide," the report said, and the actions of Police Chief Sambor and Fire Commissioner Richmond were "grossly negligent." The hearings, which lasted eighteen days, "provided a shocking picture of confusion and indecision in the high command" (People). A concurrent investigation launched by the Philadelphia Inquirer reported that the police department had been surveying the MOVE compound for over a year and a half and undertaking tests on explosives for weeks. (The Inquirer also reported that one of the explosives dropped on the house, Du Pont's Tovex TR-2, was explicitly designed "to be used underground for mining and quarrying, not in the open.") Under testimony the police department bomb unit invoked the Fifth Amendment, but Sambor maintained his defense, stating that "any approach on May 13th would have presented an immediate and deadly danger…[MOVE] announced that morning that they would never surrender and that they would kill as many of us as they could." Ramona Africa declined to testify. Along with thirteen-year-old Birdie Africa, Ramona Africa was the only survivor of the bombing. She escaped from the remains of the MOVE compound by crawling through a window, suffering severe burns in the process. Taken immediately into police custody, Ramona, the organization's spokeswoman, was tried and convicted on charges of conspiracy to riot.





 She served the entirety of her seven-year sentence; though eligible for parole at sixteen months, she continually refused to disassociate herself with MOVE, a condition for early release. Though little is known about her early life, Ramona worked as a paralegal before joining MOVE, an experience that would later help her navigate the battery of legal fights that would make up much of her adult life. In 1996 Ramona—along with relatives of deceased MOVE leader John Africa and his nephew Frank Africa—successfully sued the city of Philadelphia in a wrongful death suit. The jury verdict held that the city used excessive force and violated the organization's right to unreasonable search and seizure, awarding Ramona $500,000 and the relatives of John and Frank $1 million. Additionally, former Philadelphia police commissioner Gregore Sambor and former fire commissioner William Richmond were ordered to pay Ramona $1 per week for the following eleven years. Birdie Africa, now living with his non-MOVE-affiliated father and known as Michael Moses Ward, was awarded $1.7 million in 1991. No criminal convictions have been brought against Goode, Richmond, Sambor, or any other city official involved in the raid. In June 2010, Temple University student journal Philadelphia Neighborhoods reported that Ramona Africa was living quietly in West Philadelphia with the remaining members of MOVE. Since her release in 1992, she has continued to advocate for the acquittal of the nine group members imprisoned after the 1978 Powelton Village raid (referred to by supporters as the MOVE 9) and Mumia Abu-Jamal, the famous activist and longtime MOVE sympathizer on death row. Ramona remains an in-demand speaker; as recently as February 2010 she participated in a conference on public interest and environmental law at the University of Oregon law school. Though Sambor resigned as police commissioner in November 1985, Goode finished his term as mayor and was reelected in 1988. After leaving office four years later, Goode became a minister and youth advocate and still lives in Philadelphia. Though the city rebuilt homes destroyed in the bombing in a little over a year, the reconstruction was so substandard that most were condemned within a few years, and in 2000 Mayor John Street offered each household $150,000 to relocate. By 2005 the city of Philadelphia had spent a total of $42 million on

Move: TavistockQuaker. 'social experiment'


1 comment:

  1. Easily Increase Your ClickBank Banner Traffic And Commissions

    Bannerizer makes it easy for you to promote ClickBank products with banners, simply go to Bannerizer, and get the banner codes for your chosen ClickBank products or use the Universal ClickBank Banner Rotator to promote all of the ClickBank products.

    ReplyDelete